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The structure and characteristics of 8 kinds of common capacitor

by:SMiLer     2021-03-11
Eight kinds of commonly used capacitor structure and characteristics of the capacitor is the commonly used electronic components in electronic equipment, the following several kinds of commonly used capacitor with a brief introduction to the structure and characteristics, for your reference. Aluminum electrolytic capacitor: it is made the cathode aluminum cylinder, it is equipped with liquid electrolyte, inserted a crooked ribbon do the anode is made. Still need the dc voltage, do a layer of oxide film is formed on the piece of the anode for medium. Characterized by large capacity, but the leakage, poor stability, have positive and negative polarity, suitable for power filtering or low frequency circuits, when using, don't answer the the positive and negative. Tantalum niobium electrolytic capacitor: it made the anode, metal tantalum and niobium with dilute sulphuric acid liquor, such as the cathode, generated by surface of tantalum and niobium oxide film do medium is made. Its features are: small size, large capacity, stable performance, long service life. Insulation resistance. The temperature performance is good, used in equipment in high demand. Ceramic capacitor, the use of ceramics in medium. On the two sides spraying silver layer ceramic substrate, and then burned into silver plate made of thin film. Its features are: small volume, good heat resistance, low dissipation, high insulation resistance, but the capacity is small, suitable for high frequency circuit. Ferroelectric ceramic capacitance is larger, but loss and temperature coefficient is larger, suitable for low frequency circuits. Mica capacitor: with silver foil or spraying on the mica sheet do plate electrode layer, a layer of a layer plate and mica, die-casting in the bakelite powder or cementing in epoxy resin is made. Its features are: small dielectric loss, insulation resistance. The temperature coefficient is small, be applicable to the high frequency circuit. 5. Film capacitor: structure in the same paper condenser, medium is polyester or polystyrene. Polyester film capacitor, high dielectric constant, small volume, large capacity, good stability, suitable for the bypass capacitor. Polystyrene film capacitor, the dielectric loss of small, high insulation resistance, but the temperature coefficient is big, can be used in high frequency circuit. 6. Paper capacitor: made from two pieces of metal foil electrodes, the capacitance of the thin paper, rolled into a cylinder or flat cylindrical core, and then sealed in a metal casing or insulation shell. It is characterized by small volume, capacity can be done. But inherent inductance and the loss is bigger, is suitable for low frequency circuits. 7 metallized paper capacitor: similar structure in paper capacitor, it is a layer of metal film on the capacitor paper after to generation of metal foil, small volume, large in capacity, commonly used for low frequency circuits. 8 oil-immersed paper capacitor: it is to put the paper in oil through special processing, can enhance its pressure. Characterized by a large capacitance, high pressure, but the volume is bigger. In addition, in practical application, the first to choose according to different purposes of different types of capacitors. Second, considering the nominal capacity capacitor, permissible error, pressure value, the leakage resistance and other technical parameters; The third for electrolytic capacitor has positive and negative polarity, positive and negative don't answer the reverse when welding.
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